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Course to Forex Success: Master the Forex Patterns

Imagine having a roadmap predicting future price movements. That’s the power of charts and Forex patterns! These recurring formations on price charts signal potential price movements, allowing you to make informed trading decisions. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricate world of price chart patterns, uncovering the most efficient and profitable strategies that seasoned traders swear by. Whether you’re a novice looking to gain a deeper understanding or a seasoned pro seeking to refine your skills, this article is tailored just for you.

What are patterns in Forex?

Certainly! There are various types of patterns that traders commonly observe on price charts. These patterns can offer valuable insights into potential market movements and help traders make informed trading decisions.
In Forex trading, patterns refer to recurring formations or structures observed in price charts that traders use to identify potential market movements. These patterns are often indicative of market sentiment, trends, and potential price reversals.

Types of patterns

Here are some of the most common types of patterns:
1) Reversal Patterns:

Head and Shoulders: Consists of three peaks: a higher peak (head) between two lower peaks (shoulders). Indicates a potential trend reversal.
Double Top/Bottom: Occurs when prices form two peaks (double top) or two troughs (double bottom) at approximately the same level, signaling a potential trend reversal.

2) Continuation Patterns:

Triangles: Consolidation patterns formed by converging trendlines. Include symmetrical triangles, ascending triangles, and descending triangles.
Flags and Pennants: Occur after a strong price movement and indicate a brief consolidation before the continuation of the previous trend.

3) Candlestick Patterns:

Engulfing Patterns: Bullish engulfing (bullish reversal) and bearish engulfing (bearish reversal) patterns where one candle’s body completely engulfs the previous candle’s body.
Doji: Indicates market indecision and potential trend reversal. Characterized by a small body with long upper and lower wicks.

4) Support and Resistance Patterns:

Double Top/Bottom: Besides indicating trend reversals, double tops and bottoms can also act as significant support and resistance levels.
Horizontal Channels: Prices fluctuate within a defined range, forming horizontal support and resistance levels.

5) Complex Patterns:

Wedges: Similar to triangles but with converging trendlines slanted either upward (rising wedge) or downward (falling wedge).
Rounding Bottom: Indicates a gradual shift from a downtrend to an uptrend, forming a rounded bottom pattern.

6) Harmonic Patterns:

Gartley Pattern: Consists of retracement and extension levels, forming specific Fibonacci ratios. Includes bullish (Bullish Gartley) and bearish (Bearish Gartley) patterns.
Butterfly Pattern: Similar to the Gartley pattern but with different Fibonacci ratios.

3 most common and effective candlestick patterns

1) Head and Shoulders chart trading chart pattern (S-H-S)

The Head and Shoulders (H-S) is a popular reversal pattern in Forex trading, indicating a possible shift from an uptrend to a downtrend.
Imagine three peaks on your chart:
A tall middle peak, called the “head.”
Two shorter peaks on either side of the head, called the “shoulders.”

These peaks are connected by a trendline, called the neckline, which represents support levels during the uptrend. The key signal for a potential reversal is a price break below the neckline after the formation of the right shoulder. This break suggests the uptrend is losing momentum and a potential downward move is likely.

Here’s a quick breakdown:
Looks like: Three peaks (head and shoulders) with a neckline connecting the lows.
Signals: Potential trend reversal from uptrend to downtrend.
Confirmation: Price breaks below the neckline.

2) Broadening formation trading chart pattern

A broadening formation is a technical analysis chart pattern used in Forex trading. It is characterized by two diverging trendlines:
i. One trendline slopes upwards, connecting a series of higher highs.
ii. The other trendline slopes downwards, connecting a series of lower lows.

These diverging trendlines create a widening channel, resembling a megaphone shape. Unlike some other patterns, a broadening formation doesn’t necessarily predict a trend reversal. Instead, it suggests increasing volatility with potentially larger price swings in both directions.

3) Volume Candlestick pattern

A volume candlestick pattern isn’t a single unique pattern, but rather a way of visualizing trading volume alongside the traditional candlestick price data. It combines the strengths of both:
Candlesticks: These depict the open, high, low, and closing price for a specific timeframe.
Volume: This represents the number of shares or contracts traded during that timeframe.
By incorporating volume into the candlestick itself, traders can gain a more comprehensive understanding of price movement and market sentiment.

Here’s how it works:
Regular candlestick body: This reflects the price difference between open and close.
Volume: The width of the candlestick body is proportional to the trading volume. A wider body indicates higher volume compared to a narrower body.
There isn’t a specific “buy” or “sell” signal associated with volume candlesticks alone. However, they can be used in conjunction with traditional candlestick patterns to strengthen their validity.

For example:
High volume on a bullish candlestick pattern: This suggests strong buying pressure and potentially reinforces the likelihood of a price increase.
Low volume on a bearish candlestick pattern: This might indicate a weak downtrend or a potential stalling of the price movement.
Remember: Volume plays a crucial role in confirming price movements. Volume candlesticks are a valuable tool for traders to gauge market sentiment and make informed trading decisions.


In conclusion, it’s crucial to understand that while technical analysis in the Forex market isn’t set in stone, it offers valuable insights open to interpretation. Longer timeframes generally yield more reliable results when seeking trading opportunities.
With over a hundred patterns officially recognized in technical analysis and new ones emerging constantly, there’s ample room for discovery. If you’ve identified your unique trading scheme, don’t dismiss it simply because it’s unconventional. It could be a lucrative strategy, especially if it remains exclusive to you. This exclusivity shields it from manipulation by market makers, offering a distinct advantage.
Embrace innovation, leveraging tools like ForexHero’s Forex Trading bot to stay ahead of the curve and maximize your trading success.